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Diabetes Care & Management

At Kern Medical, we are committed to helping our patients successfully manage diabetes by utilizing the latest information, treatments, and medical technology. Although there is no cure for diabetes, it is manageable, and you can still live a full, productive life by integrating a healthy diet, oral medication and/or insulin, and learning how to adapt to life as a person with diabetes. Kern Medical offers multidisciplinary diagnosis, assessment, management of diabetes along with patient education.

What is Diabetes?

Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that turns sugars (glucose) into energy. Diabetes is a condition where the body, for reasons unknown, does not produce enough or entirely stops producing insulin. When your body can’t convert glucose into energy, it remains in the blood and causes serious health problems. This is why patients with diabetes need to inject themselves with insulin periodically throughout the day. Unfortunately, insulin injections alone are not enough to manage diabetes. While high blood sugar is dangerous, low blood sugar can be just as bad. Patients with diabetes need to monitor their diet, activity, and blood sugar to maintain proper blood sugar levels at all times.

Types of Diabetes

  • Type 1 Diabetes - This diabetes typically first develops in young children and teenagers, which is why it used to be called “juvenile-onset diabetes.” though it can occur at any age. It is the most severe form of diabetes as it completely halts the production of insulin in the body. For reasons doctors still do not know, the immune system turns on itself and starts attacking the cells that produce insulin. Patients with type 1 need regular insulin injections to stay alive.
  • Type 2 Diabetes – Sometimes called “adult-onset diabetes,” Type 2 diabetes usually occurs after age 35, but it’s been known to happen at younger ages. The body still produces some insulin at this stage, but not enough. It typically occurs in people who are overweight and live a sedentary lifestyle. Insulin injections are not always necessary for patients with this type, as long as they maintain a healthy diet and exercise routines.
  • Gestational Diabetes - This is a temporary form of diabetes that can occur during pregnancy. While it is temporary, it still needs to be carefully managed to protect the woman and the fetus. Additionally, women who develop gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of developing permanent diabetes after pregnancy and should take proper care to avoid this.

There are some other forms of diabetes, such as the inherited monogenic diabetes, but these are rare. Most diabetes centers focus on the three most common types.

If left unmanaged, diabetes can result in life-threatening health conditions:

  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Kidney disease
  • Eye problems
  • Dental disease
  • Nerve damage
  • Foot problems
  • Non-healing wounds
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Diabetes Treatment Locations
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Diabetes Treatment Providers